Chemical peel is a skin-resurfacing procedure that involves application of a chemical solution to the damaged facial areas. The procedure is meant to peel away the superficial layers of the skin (exfoliation) giving a youthful, unblemished complexion.
Chemical peels rejuvenate the skin's texture and appearance by improving the scars, discoloration, wrinkles, and sun damage. Treatment can be done alone or as a companion treatment with other cosmetic procedures.
Chemical peels vary according to their specific ingredients and their strength. The peeling action depends on the duration the solution remains on the skin and the depth of application. Superficial/light, medium, or deep are the various depths at which the solution can be applied to achieve the desired appearance.
a. The superficial or light peel solution is composed of alphahydroxy acids(AHAs) such as glycolic, lactic, and salicylic or fruit acids.
b. The medium depth peels uses trichloroacetic acid (TCA), which remains on the skin for a longer time than the light peel.
c. The deep facial peels are typically performed with phenol-based solutions.